Only + full infinitive

Only + full infinitive” is a set construction. It points to a surprising or frustrating subsequent event. Sometimes it can be replaced by
the weaker “but + finite verb”.

  • I went into town to buy a new suit, only to find that I’d left my wallet at home.
  • I went into town to buy a new suit, but found I’d left my wallet at home.
heart of glass
Seemed like the real thing, only to find mistrust.
  • Seemed like the real thing, only to find mistrust, love’s gone behind

Rewriting

Rewrite the sentences:

1) Mrs. Scott is proud of her cooking.
1)

2) It was the goalkeeper who saved the match for us.
2)

3) It wasn’t a bit surprised to hear that Karen had changed her job.
3)

4) You can try to get Tim to lend you his car but you won’t succeed.
4)

5) John didn’t celebrate until he received the offer of promotion in writing.
5)

6)I don’t really like her, even though I admire her achievements
6)

Vocabulary

Pride yourself on [sth]: be proud (ES: enorgullecerse de..)
Come as no surprise: To be completely unsurprising
Not until
When a sentence begins with the phrase not until, the subject and auxiliary verb in the first clause, immediately after not until, are not inverted. However, in the second clause, the subject and auxiliary verb are inverted (“did he celebrate”).
Much as: although (ES: aunque)

Keys

1) Mrs. Scott prides herself on her cooking
2) If it hadn’t been fot the goalkeeper, we would have lost the match
3) It came as no surprise to me to hear thar Karen had changed her job
4) There’s no point in trying to get Tim to lend you his car but you won’t succeed
5) Not until John had received the offer of promotion did he celebrate
6) Much as I admire her achievements, I don’t really like her

3 stacks, new Flashcards app

Flashcards are a great way to learn vocab words because they force you to study actively. They naturally aid repetition, a key for study. Nobody remembers everything from the first try. Our brain takes up to 20% of the entire energy the human body consumes, so memory is naturally lazy.

We have created an app for android for working with flashcards. It is called “3 stacks

 

3 Stacks, Now in google play
3 Stacks, Now in google play

If you don’t know the definition of a particular word, put it in a “Struggled” stack.

Pick up your “Struggled” stack. For words where you know the definition, place them in the second stack “Learning” stack” next to the “Know It” stack.

Repeat this process, placing the words in the stack you best consider.

 

Download it now!!

3 Stacks Google Play
3 Stacks Google Play

The language of tears

1

World
Place
Earth
Space

2

Communicate
Persuade
Inform
Demonstrate

3

Evolve
Change
Develop
Alter

4

Doing
Making
Getting
Having

5

Better
Fine
Good
Well

6

Validity
Truth
Reality
Reason

7. 

Contain
Retain
Hold
Keep

8

Struggling
Fighting
Opposing
Striking

9

Construct
Achieve
Provide
Produce

10

Curing
Treating
Healing
Improving

11

Hint
Symbol
Feature
Sign

12

Release
Rid
Loosen
Expel

13

Rubbish
Waste
Leftovers
Remails

14

Consider
Remark
Distinguish
Regard

15

Named
Entitled
Subtitled
Called

The ability to weep is a uniquely human form of emotional response. Some sientists have suggested that human tears are (0) evidence of an aquantic past – but this does not seem very likely. We cry from the moment we enter this (1) , for a number of reasons. Helpless babies cry to (2) their parents that they are ill, hungry or uncomfortable. As the (3)  they will also cry just to attract parental attention and will often stop when they get it.
The idea that (4) a good cry can do you (5)  is a very old one and now it has scientific (6) since recent research into tears has shown that they (7)  a natural painkiller called enkaphalin. By (8) sorrow and pain this chemical helps you to feel better. Weeping can increase the quantities of enkaphalin you (9) .
Unfortunately, in our society we impose restrictions upon this naturally (10) activity. Because some people still regard it as a (11)  of weakness in men, boys in particular are adminished when they cry. This kind of repression can only increase stress, both emotionally and physically.
Tears of emotion also help the body (12) itself of toxic chemical (13) , for there is more protein in them than in tears resulting from cold winds or other irritants. Crying comforts, calms and can be very enjoyalbe – (14) the popularity of the highly emotional films which are commonly (15) ‘weepies’. It seems that people enjoy crying together almost as much as laughing together.

Vocabulary

Persuade: to make someone do or believe something by giving them a good reason to do it or by talking to that person and making them believe it (ES: persuadir, dar a entender)
Having a good cry cand do you a good

  • Struggling with/against
  • Fighting _/with/against
  • Opposing to

  • Cure (todo)
  • Heal (parte)
  • Treat

  • hint (ES: indirecta)
  • symbol (ES: simbolo)
  • features (ES: rasgos de apariencia)
  • traits: A distinguishing quality or characteristic, typically one belonging to a person (ES: rasgos de personalidad)
  • sign

Release from
Rid of
Loosen (ES: aflojar)
Expel (ES: expulsar de clase..)

Waste (ES: residuos)
Leftovers( ES: restos de comida)

Keys

1) World
2) Persuade
3) Develop
4) Having
5) Good
6) Validity
7) Contain
8) Fighting
9) Produce
10) Healing
11) Sign
12) Rid
13) Waste
14) Consider
15) Called

Expressions with “Make”

Complete the sentences by using the following words.
Use each word once only..

amends
day
fortune
point

attempt
difference
fun
sense

bed
ends
offer
statement

contact
example
pass
way


1) It makes no to me how old he is.
2) He bought her flowers to make for being late
3) When he made a at her, she slapped his face.
4) Since he made a in property development, he’s been living a life of luxury.
5) Somebody’s made an on the Presiden’t life!
6) She made him an of £3 million for his business.
7) It really made her to see you all again.
8) The judge decided to make an of him and sentenced him to ten years’ imprisonment.
9) The only way you can make with them is by radio.
10) They made of the awkward way he walked.
11) On her salary she had difficulty making meet.
12) The minister made an about the new proposal.
13) Remember to use clean sheets when you make the
14) The boss made a of meeting every employee.
15) They made their to the stadium on foot.
16) Help! I can’t make of this exercise.

Vocabulary

Make amends (ES: compensar)
Make a pass at sb: To make sexual advances on or propositions to one; to hit on one. (ES: insinuar)
To Slap : hit with open hand (ES: abofetear)
Make my day: To cause one to feel very happy. (ES: me alegró el día)
Awkward : Difficult to use, do, or deal with. Causing problems, worry, or embarrassment (ES: torpe, incómodo, embarazoso, difícil)
Make ends meet: to have enough money to buy what you need to live (ES: llegar a final de mes)
Make a point of +ing sth: insist on doing, say [sth] significant (ES: insistir)

Keys

1) difference
2) amends
3) pass
4) fortune
5) attempt
6) offer
7) day
8) example
9) contact
10) fun
11) ends
12) statement
13) bed
14) point
15) way
16) sense