Art for Art’s sake

Fill each of the numbered blanks with one suitble word:

castle
When the Stone of Destiny came back to Scotland, it was the culmination of a 700-year campaign to (1) it returned.
The Stone, which is little (2) than a lump of rock of no great commercial (3) or artistic merit, is of great (4) to the Scottish people, who, according to legend, could never be free while it was still (5) held on foreign soil.

It had originally being stolen by the English King Edward I in 1926. Prior (6) its repatriation, it was kept in Westminster Abbey in London, where it was used during coronations of English monarchs and on other ceremonial (7) but its absence from its (8) home was a continual (9) of grievance to the Scots.

The return of the Stone has once again raised the question of (10) should be done about other national treasures held in museums and private collections abroad. Sometimes the (11) under which an item was (12) make the decision simple; if it was stolen; it should go back. But more often that not the situation is far (13) straightforward. Artistic treasures may have been bought from colonial goverments who had no moral (14) to sell them, or donated by principalities and countries that no (15) exits.

There is also a moral problem here. The Getty museum, with its vast resources, could in all (16) buy the entire artistic heritage of Bangladesh quite legitimely, and (17) this would (18) most reasonable people being questionable. The (19) of every work of art being returned to its country of origin are remote, but nations should have right to house traseures of supreme cultural significance. As the return of the Stone of Destiny shows, this can be achive, but not (20) a struggle.

Vocabulary

Lump: mass (ES: masa)
Straightforward: simple, uncomplicated (ES: simple, claro, directo)
Strike [sb] as [sth] : give the impression (Es: dar la impresión de que algo es)

Anna’s story strikes me as an exaggeration.

Keys

1) get
2) more
3) value
4) importance
5) being
6) to
7) occasions
8) true
9) source
10) what
11) circumstances
12) acquired
13) less
14) rights
15) longer
16) probability
17) yet
18) strike
19) chances
20) without

I signed up for the gym today

One of the best ways to stay healthy and fit is to exercise regularly. Not only will you look better, but you will feel great and your health will thank you.
I signed up for the gym today. In my induction they asked me what I want to do (like tone, lose weight ect) and then they gave me a program. It took about half hour.

At this moment I was thinking of all the fun expressions and phrasal verbs that are used in English to describe different types of exercises. Below you will find a description of equipment you can find at the gym, vocabulary and expressions:

Get in shape

Most people who go to the gym want to “get in shape“. It means to have a good body, and also to feel healthy. They want to breathe easier, be able to walk or run for a longer time, they want to feel good about their physical condition. (ES: ponerse en forma).

We could also use the prashal verb: “Shape Up“.

You Are The One That I Want - Grease

Another expression is “Be out of shape“: Not physically healthy enough for difficult exercise because you have not been involved in physical activities. (ES: estar de baja forma física)

“When I started this dance class, I was really out of shape.”

  • To be in good shape
  • Be out of shape
  • Shape up
  • Get in shape

Fit

In good shape, feel healthy (ES: en forma)

“She goes to the gym every day and is very fit“.

Toned

Some people want to get “toned”. They want some lines, showing muscles, a little bit less showing fat. (ES: tonificado)

Cut == Lean

Adjective describing someone that has well-defined muscles. You see all the lines where all the muscles are or should be, because you’ve worked out a lot.

Shredded == Ripped

Very very cut : means well defined muscles especially in the arms and abs (ES: musculado)

Six Pack abs

Well defined abdominal muscles in the configuration of a six pack of canned drinks. (ES: tableta chocolate)

six pack abs
Six pack abs / Abdominales definidos

“He took off his shirt to reveal a well-defined six pack.”

Bag of bones

An extemely thin person; looking skeletal and unhealthy (ES: Saco de huesos)

He was a bag of bones before he started working out to build his bod up a little

To Work Out

When you do exercise, you can say you are going to “work out”. This is an American expression but we also use it in Britain too. (ES: hacer ejercicio)

“I’m going to the gym tonight to work out. I need to exercise after eating too many ice-creams!”

Workout

– Exercise (ES: ejercicio, entrenamiento)

 

Spare Tire

a bulge of fat around the waist (cintura)

Love Handles

The areas of extra fat that hang or slightly bulge from the sides, and are also the little rolls on the lower back

Hip

Anatomy: thigh joint. A projection of the pelvis and upper thigh bone on each side of the body in human beings and quadrupeds (ES: cadera)

Waist

The part of the human body below the ribs and above the hips, often narrower than the areas above and below. (ES: cintura)

What can you do at the gym?

Stretching == Warm up

stretching muscles
Stretching / Estirar o Calentar

I need to stretch my legs before I run the race

Weights

Cardio

To Pump iron

To lift weights (ES: levantar pesas)

Push ups

Push ups are when you push your body up and down while you face the ground

pushups
Pushups / Flexiones

Pull ups

When you pull your body up off the ground, it is called a chin up or a pull up. Exercise for upper body (ES: dominada)

Pullups
Pullups / Dominada

Squats

Physical exercise. Crouch or sit with one’s knees bent and one’s heels close to or touching one’s buttocks or the back of one’s thighs. (ES: sentadilla)

squats
Squats / Sentadilla

Row

Propel a boat using oars. (ES: remar)

Riding a stationary bike or exercising on a rowing machine are examples of resistance training.

Reps

It is short of “Repetitions”. A rep (or repetition) is a single movement of any exercise (ES: Repeticiones)

Sets

Set(s): A set is a series of reps of an exercise done in sequence (usually without rest). (ES: Serie)

So how much do I rest between sets?

Gym Equipment

Treadmill

Walking or running machine. This is a machine where you stand on. It’s like a belt. (ES: cinta para correr)

Tread mill
Tread mill / Cinta para correr

Elliptical

elliptical
Elliptical / Elípitica

Dumbbell

A short bar with a weight at each end, used typically in pairs for exercise or muscle-building (ES: pesa)

Dumbbell
Dumbbell / Mancuernas

Barbell

Barbell
Barbell / Pesas

Kettlebell

kettlebell
kettlebell

Medicine Ball

Exercise Ball

Exercise Ball
Exercise Ball / Pelota de Ejercicio

Mat

Mat
Mat / Colchoneta

Core : (ES: músculos del torso)
Abs: Abdominal muscles (ES músculos abdominales)
Personal Training: (ES: entrenador)

Cringe

Cringe

 

Cringe: embarrassment: wince, grimace. An extremely awkward, uncomfortable situation caused by a person, group of people or environment, causing extreme embarrassment (ES: Vergüenza ajena)

Bro!, I can’t believe that Jim was wasted and tried to get with a guy. Absolute cringe

Word Building

Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits  the space in the same line.

The Elephant Man

John Merrick was one of the most (0. ORDINARY) human beings who ever lived. He suffered from a rare bone disease which (1. FORM) him grotesquely: his right arm was like a giant claw, his right leg was nearly twice the normal size. His head was (2. LARGE) and misshapen and his scaly skin reeked of a peculiar odour. When young he had a 9-inch (3. GROW) protruding from his mouth, which gave rise to the nickname ‘The Elephant Man’. Although it was removed when he was forteen, the (4 FORTUNE)  name  stayed with him.

Merrick made a (5. REASON) living as a freak in a peep show. It was there that he was seen by the eminent surgeon, Frederick Treeves. Merrick’s (6. PAIN) deformities disturbed and fascinated Treeves. He took him into his private care, set up an aparment for him in the London Hospital and gave him a mask to wear while walking the halls so as not to (7. FEAR) other patients and staff.

Treeves soon discovered that “The Elephant Man” had considerable (8 INTELLIGENT) and spoke like a poet. Treeve’s friends began to visit Merrick, initially to look, but in time to talk. Merrick neve complained of his pain and (9 SUFFER) , but kept his and other’s spirits high. His reputation spread. Members of the Royal familiy, (10 PARTICULAR) Princess Alexandra, were among those who (11 REPEAT) visited him.

The (12 BEAUTIFUL) of his sould had escped the prison of his body, but his (13 ILL) continued to progress. As he became weaker, walking became an exhausting process, and he was forced to spend more and more time in bed. Because of the huge (14 WEIGH of his head, he could only sleep sitting up. One night, at the age of 27, Merrick laid his head down and died. Among the few things he left behind were there lines of verse, written (15 SHORT) before his death:

Was I so tall I could reach the pole
or grasp the ocean with a span
I would be measured by the soul
the mind’s the measure of the man.

Merrick’s skeleton preserved in the Londond Hospital, is (16 PROVE) of he terrible disease from which he suffered. It also gives testimony to the (17 DIGNIFIED) of man.

Keys

0) extraordinary
1) deformed
2) enlarged
3) growth
4) unfortunate
5) reasonable
6) painful
7) frighten (fear == fright) (ES: temor)
8) intelligence
9) suffering
10) particularly
11) repeteadly
12) beauty
13) illnes
14) weight
15) shortly
16) proft
17) dignity

Vocubulary

peep show: film viewed through peephole (ES: dentro de una cabina)
misshapen: deformed (ES: deforme)
claw: (ES: garra)
growth: tumour (ES: tumor)
scaly: having scales  (ES: con escamas)
reek: smell bad (ES: oler mal)
give raise to: To trigger or cause something (ES: provocar, causar)
span: width of a hand (ES: palmo)
grasp: firm hold (ES: agarrar)

“Make” or “Do”?

Complete each sentence with the correct form of “make” or “do”. Make sure you use the correct tense !
01 What do you  for a living? – I’m a dentist
02 He a big mistake when he changed his job
03 You look very tired. Would you like me you a cup of coffee/
04 What have I with handbag? I can’t find it anywhere!
05 I haven’t got a $20 note. Will two $10 notes ?
06 Why does it take them so long decisions?
07 They fun of him whenever he wore his new hat
08 That will , children! You’ve giving me a terrible headache!
09 Why does she such a fuss of him?
10 What have you to this table cloth? It’s got some kind of red liquid all over it!
11 Don’t forget to your hair before you go out
12 Could you me a favour? Please drive me to town
13 This car is very economical. It 40 miles to the gallon
14 He had difficulty his way through the crowd
15 It’s very important to a good impression at this meeting
16 Please sure you’ve switched off all the lights before you leave
17 This room could with a good clean
18 Please sit down and yourself at home
19 Don’t have anything to with him. He can’t be trusted
20 When he was younger, he a fortune selling clothes
21 I think the answer is 2,376. What do you it?
22 how would you like your steak ? – Medium, please
23 He so much noise that he woke her up
24 She wasn’t very happy about without sugar in her coffee
25 The new manager some changes as soon as he arrived
26 it doesn’t matter I your don’t come first as long as you your best
27 I want to a phone call. Have you got any change?
28 How did you in your exame? – Quite well, I think
29 have a nice cup of tea. It will you good
30 Take this medicine. It will you better
31 What time do you it? – Nearly six o’clock
32 Be quite! Don’t a sound!

Keys

1) do (make a living)
2) made
3) make
4) done
5) do
6) to make
7) made
8) do (ES: basta ya)
9) make
10) done
11) do
12) do
13) made
14) making
15) make
16) make
17) do
18) do (ES: no le vendría mal)
19) do
20) made
21) do
22) made
23) made
24) do
25) made
26) do
27) make
28) do
29) do
30) make
31) make
32) make

Use of English

Read the following passage and choose the correct word to use in each blank.

Sugar was for a long time a luxury and in the opinion of the medical profession it still should be. During the nineteenth century, however, manufacturers discovered (1) of producing it in vast quantities and it has since become (2) of the staple articles of diet, particularly (3) the lower social classes. It has the advantages of (4) comparatively cheap, easily digested, rich (5) energy and useful for flavouring. It’s major (6) are that it lacks every nourishing quality (7) that of giving energy, and (8) of its attractive flavour it (9) to displace other much more valuable foods (10) the diet. Most serious of all is its adverse (11) on health, since excessive consumption can cause heart (12) , obesity and dental decay. The latter is widespread among the inhabitants of western countries. From the very young to the very old, (13) anyone escapes. Yet if parents (14) drastically reduce the (15) confectionery they allow (16) children to eat, the extent of dental decay would soon be checked. And (17) they were to (18) down their own consumption of sugar, they would suffer much (19) from ailments resulting directly or indirectly from their (20) overweight.

Keys

1) ways
2) one
3) for / among
4) being
5) in
6) disadvantages / drawbacks
7) except
8) because
9) tends
10) in / from
11) effects / influences
12) diseases
13) hardly
14) would
15) quantity / amount
16) their
17) if / although
18) cut
19) less
20) being

Vocabulary

staple: basic (ES: básico, esencial)

nourishing: nourishing (ES: nutritivo)

dental decay: (ES: caries)

cut down: reduce (ES: reducir)

almost everybody vs hardly anybody

  • faults: Defectos de las personas
  • defects: Defectos de las máquinas

were to… : Used for emphasise. (ES: se ha utilizado esta forma para enfatizar)

  • If he worked harder, he would get better marks
  • If he were to work (de esta manera se enfatiza la imposibilidad, si el trabajara)

 

  • If she didn’t smoke so much she’d be in better conditions
  • If she weren’t to smoke …

Inversion:

  • Were he to work harder he would get better marks. (En esta inversión desaparece el if)
  • Weren’t she smoke so much she’d be in better conditions

Both, the emphasize improbability

Se usa “were to” para todas las personas, y solo vale para la 2da condicional.

20)

She insists on me coming (more formal, She insists on my coming)

She is used to her working (more formal, She is used to her working)

I object to them smoking (more formal, I object to their smoking)