Cringe

Cringe

 

Cringe: embarrassment: wince, grimace. An extremely awkward, uncomfortable situation caused by a person, group of people or environment, causing extreme embarrassment (ES: Vergüenza ajena)

Bro!, I can’t believe that Jim was wasted and tried to get with a guy. Absolute cringe

Word Building

Use the word given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits  the space in the same line.

The Elephant Man

John Merrick was one of the most (0. ORDINARY) human beings who ever lived. He suffered from a rare bone disease which (1. FORM) him grotesquely: his right arm was like a giant claw, his right leg was nearly twice the normal size. His head was (2. LARGE) and misshapen and his scaly skin reeked of a peculiar odour. When young he had a 9-inch (3. GROW) protruding from his mouth, which gave rise to the nickname ‘The Elephant Man’. Although it was removed when he was forteen, the (4 FORTUNE)  name  stayed with him.

Merrick made a (5. REASON) living as a freak in a peep show. It was there that he was seen by the eminent surgeon, Frederick Treeves. Merrick’s (6. PAIN) deformities disturbed and fascinated Treeves. He took him into his private care, set up an aparment for him in the London Hospital and gave him a mask to wear while walking the halls so as not to (7. FEAR) other patients and staff.

Treeves soon discovered that “The Elephant Man” had considerable (8 INTELLIGENT) and spoke like a poet. Treeve’s friends began to visit Merrick, initially to look, but in time to talk. Merrick neve complained of his pain and (9 SUFFER) , but kept his and other’s spirits high. His reputation spread. Members of the Royal familiy, (10 PARTICULAR) Princess Alexandra, were among those who (11 REPEAT) visited him.

The (12 BEAUTIFUL) of his sould had escped the prison of his body, but his (13 ILL) continued to progress. As he became weaker, walking became an exhausting process, and he was forced to spend more and more time in bed. Because of the huge (14 WEIGH of his head, he could only sleep sitting up. One night, at the age of 27, Merrick laid his head down and died. Among the few things he left behind were there lines of verse, written (15 SHORT) before his death:

Was I so tall I could reach the pole
or grasp the ocean with a span
I would be measured by the soul
the mind’s the measure of the man.

Merrick’s skeleton preserved in the Londond Hospital, is (16 PROVE) of he terrible disease from which he suffered. It also gives testimony to the (17 DIGNIFIED) of man.

Keys

0) extraordinary
1) deformed
2) enlarged
3) growth
4) unfortunate
5) reasonable
6) painful
7) frighten (fear == fright) (ES: temor)
8) intelligence
9) suffering
10) particularly
11) repeteadly
12) beauty
13) illnes
14) weight
15) shortly
16) proft
17) dignity

Vocubulary

peep show: film viewed through peephole (ES: dentro de una cabina)
misshapen: deformed (ES: deforme)
claw: (ES: garra)
growth: tumour (ES: tumor)
scaly: having scales  (ES: con escamas)
reek: smell bad (ES: oler mal)
give raise to: To trigger or cause something (ES: provocar, causar)
span: width of a hand (ES: palmo)
grasp: firm hold (ES: agarrar)

“Make” or “Do”?

Complete each sentence with the correct form of “make” or “do”. Make sure you use the correct tense !
01 What do you  for a living? – I’m a dentist
02 He a big mistake when he changed his job
03 You look very tired. Would you like me you a cup of coffee/
04 What have I with handbag? I can’t find it anywhere!
05 I haven’t got a $20 note. Will two $10 notes ?
06 Why does it take them so long decisions?
07 They fun of him whenever he wore his new hat
08 That will , children! You’ve giving me a terrible headache!
09 Why does she such a fuss of him?
10 What have you to this table cloth? It’s got some kind of red liquid all over it!
11 Don’t forget to your hair before you go out
12 Could you me a favour? Please drive me to town
13 This car is very economical. It 40 miles to the gallon
14 He had difficulty his way through the crowd
15 It’s very important to a good impression at this meeting
16 Please sure you’ve switched off all the lights before you leave
17 This room could with a good clean
18 Please sit down and yourself at home
19 Don’t have anything to with him. He can’t be trusted
20 When he was younger, he a fortune selling clothes
21 I think the answer is 2,376. What do you it?
22 how would you like your steak ? – Medium, please
23 He so much noise that he woke her up
24 She wasn’t very happy about without sugar in her coffee
25 The new manager some changes as soon as he arrived
26 it doesn’t matter I your don’t come first as long as you your best
27 I want to a phone call. Have you got any change?
28 How did you in your exame? – Quite well, I think
29 have a nice cup of tea. It will you good
30 Take this medicine. It will you better
31 What time do you it? – Nearly six o’clock
32 Be quite! Don’t a sound!

Keys

1) do (make a living)
2) made
3) make
4) done
5) do
6) to make
7) made
8) do (ES: basta ya)
9) make
10) done
11) do
12) do
13) made
14) making
15) make
16) make
17) do
18) do (ES: no le vendría mal)
19) do
20) made
21) do
22) made
23) made
24) do
25) made
26) do
27) make
28) do
29) do
30) make
31) make
32) make

Use of English

Read the following passage and choose the correct word to use in each blank.

Sugar was for a long time a luxury and in the opinion of the medical profession it still should be. During the nineteenth century, however, manufacturers discovered (1) of producing it in vast quantities and it has since become (2) of the staple articles of diet, particularly (3) the lower social classes. It has the advantages of (4) comparatively cheap, easily digested, rich (5) energy and useful for flavouring. It’s major (6) are that it lacks every nourishing quality (7) that of giving energy, and (8) of its attractive flavour it (9) to displace other much more valuable foods (10) the diet. Most serious of all is its adverse (11) on health, since excessive consumption can cause heart (12) , obesity and dental decay. The latter is widespread among the inhabitants of western countries. From the very young to the very old, (13) anyone escapes. Yet if parents (14) drastically reduce the (15) confectionery they allow (16) children to eat, the extent of dental decay would soon be checked. And (17) they were to (18) down their own consumption of sugar, they would suffer much (19) from ailments resulting directly or indirectly from their (20) overweight.

Keys

1) ways
2) one
3) for / among
4) being
5) in
6) disadvantages / drawbacks
7) except
8) because
9) tends
10) in / from
11) effects / influences
12) diseases
13) hardly
14) would
15) quantity / amount
16) their
17) if / although
18) cut
19) less
20) being

Vocabulary

staple: basic (ES: básico, esencial)

nourishing: nourishing (ES: nutritivo)

dental decay: (ES: caries)

cut down: reduce (ES: reducir)

almost everybody vs hardly anybody

  • faults: Defectos de las personas
  • defects: Defectos de las máquinas

were to… : Used for emphasise. (ES: se ha utilizado esta forma para enfatizar)

  • If he worked harder, he would get better marks
  • If he were to work (de esta manera se enfatiza la imposibilidad, si el trabajara)

 

  • If she didn’t smoke so much she’d be in better conditions
  • If she weren’t to smoke …

Inversion:

  • Were he to work harder he would get better marks. (En esta inversión desaparece el if)
  • Weren’t she smoke so much she’d be in better conditions

Both, the emphasize improbability

Se usa “were to” para todas las personas, y solo vale para la 2da condicional.

20)

She insists on me coming (more formal, She insists on my coming)

She is used to her working (more formal, She is used to her working)

I object to them smoking (more formal, I object to their smoking)

Jumbled Sentence Sheet

1 I MET MUM HIM AGO TWO MONTHS HIS SISTER AND

2 ME HE I HIM I FANCIED LIKED REALISED TOO REALLY AND

3 FIRST MET MY FRIEND SINCE SHE BEEN ‘S WE

4 MORE ME AND HIM HAVE AND MORE EACH OTHER BEEN SEEING OF

5 KIND BEING SO AND GENTLE HE UNDERSTANDING IS

6 TOGETHER SEVERAL TRIPS ‘VE BEEN WE ON

7 THERE MINDS SO HE MUCH IF TO TELL YOU BUT I HAVEN’T ASKED HIM

8 WELL ACTUALLY WHAT NO WE HAVENT THINKING YOU MUST BE DONE

9 UP TRADITIONALLY VERY HE BROUGHT ‘S BEEN

10 HOW CAN I PUT A CARDINAL IS THIS HIS DAD

11 GO TO BED ME REFUSED HE IS TO WITH

12 WEEKS TWO SINCE ENGAGED ARE WE

13 WE GETTING NEXT YOU AND DAD COME WEEK ‘RE CAN MARRIED

Keys

(other orders than those given here are possible)

1) Mum, I met him and his sister two months ago.
2) I really fancied him and I realised he liked me too.
3) She’s been my friend since we first met.
4) Him and me have been seeing more and more of each other.
5) He is being so kind, gentle and understanding.
6) Weve been on several trips together.
7) Theres so much to tell you, but I havent asked him if he minds
8) Well, actually, no, we havent done what you must be thinking!
9) He’s been brought up very traditionally.
10) How can I put this … his Dad is a cardinal.
11) He has refused to go to bed with me.
12) We have been engaged for two weeks.
13) We’re getting married next week – can you and Dad come?

Cambridge University Press 1995

Vocabulary

Fancy [sb] (verb): be attracted to [sb] (ES: gustar, sentirse atraído por)
Mick admitted that he fancied Laura.
Mick admitió que le gustaba Laura.

Understanding tolerate person (ES: comprensivo)

Bring up to teach a child to behave in a particular way or to have particular beliefs (ES: educar)

Jumbled mixed up, chaotic (ES: desordenador)

One word only

The Hitchhiker

It was a very wet and windy day and David Williams was (0) soaked to the skin (1) he stood at the side of the road (2) to hitch a lift. (3) far, only four cars had (4) along and each one had gone past (5) stopping . David was beginning to wonder if anyone (6) stop for him when a lorry suddenly (7) up and the driver told him to hop on the back as there wasn’t (8) in the cab. David accepted gladly and quickly climbed aboard.
To his (9) , in the back was an empty coffin. (10) it was still raining heavily, David decided to climb (11) it for shelter. Standing by the roadside had (12) him feel very tired, so it wasn’t (13) before he had fallen fast asleep.

While he was sleeping, the lorry (14) stopped again to (15) up another hitchhiker. Like David, he too climbed on to the back of the lorry. By now, the rain had stopped and the sun had come (16) . It began to (17) very hot inside the coffin and David suddenly woke up. Without thinking, he lifted the lid (18) the coffin, saw the stranger sitting there and shouted: ‘Have I (19) asleep for long?’

His fellow hitchhiker took one look at David, screamed (20) fear and jumped (21) the lorry in panic. Needless to say, he has never hitchhiked (22).

Keys

1. as /while
2. trying/ hoping/ waiting
3. so
4. passed / come
5. without
6. would
7. drove/ pulled / drew
8. space/room
9. surprise /horror /amazement /disgust /annoyance /delight etc
10. as/since/because
11. inside
12. made
13. long
14. had
15. pick
16. out
17. be / get / feel
18. of / off
19. been
20. with
21. from /off / out of
22. again / since

Vocabulary

  • To drive up/ draw up / pull up: if a vehicle or driver drives up, the vehicle moves near to a person or place and stops (ES: pararse, detenerse)
  • soaked to sb’s skin: (ES: calarse  hasta los huesos)
  • needless to say (ES: ni que decir tiene)
  • gladly: pleased and happy (ES: felizmente)
  • so far: (ES: hasta entonces)
  • coffin: a long box in which the body of a dead person is buried or burned (ES: ataud)
  • fast asleep: (ES: profundamente dormido)
  • hop on the backs: (ES: satar a la parte de atrás)
  • wasn’t long: (ES: no tardó mucho)
  • shelter: (ES: refugio)
  • hitchhiker: (ES: hacer autostop. To hitch a lift / thumb a lift)

 

Knickers!

Knickers!

 

Knickers it is an exclamation that is used to show that you are annoyed, or disagree with something someone has said. (ES: ¡Porras!). It also means “women’s underpants” (ES: bragas)

‘Knickers, she’s not here ‘