The language of tears

1

World
Place
Earth
Space

2

Communicate
Persuade
Inform
Demonstrate

3

Evolve
Change
Develop
Alter

4

Doing
Making
Getting
Having

5

Better
Fine
Good
Well

6

Validity
Truth
Reality
Reason

7. 

Contain
Retain
Hold
Keep

8

Struggling
Fighting
Opposing
Striking

9

Construct
Achieve
Provide
Produce

10

Curing
Treating
Healing
Improving

11

Hint
Symbol
Feature
Sign

12

Release
Rid
Loosen
Expel

13

Rubbish
Waste
Leftovers
Remails

14

Consider
Remark
Distinguish
Regard

15

Named
Entitled
Subtitled
Called

The ability to weep is a uniquely human form of emotional response. Some sientists have suggested that human tears are (0) evidence of an aquantic past – but this does not seem very likely. We cry from the moment we enter this (1) , for a number of reasons. Helpless babies cry to (2) their parents that they are ill, hungry or uncomfortable. As the (3)  they will also cry just to attract parental attention and will often stop when they get it.
The idea that (4) a good cry can do you (5)  is a very old one and now it has scientific (6) since recent research into tears has shown that they (7)  a natural painkiller called enkaphalin. By (8) sorrow and pain this chemical helps you to feel better. Weeping can increase the quantities of enkaphalin you (9) .
Unfortunately, in our society we impose restrictions upon this naturally (10) activity. Because some people still regard it as a (11)  of weakness in men, boys in particular are adminished when they cry. This kind of repression can only increase stress, both emotionally and physically.
Tears of emotion also help the body (12) itself of toxic chemical (13) , for there is more protein in them than in tears resulting from cold winds or other irritants. Crying comforts, calms and can be very enjoyalbe – (14) the popularity of the highly emotional films which are commonly (15) ‘weepies’. It seems that people enjoy crying together almost as much as laughing together.

Vocabulary

Persuade: to make someone do or believe something by giving them a good reason to do it or by talking to that person and making them believe it (ES: persuadir, dar a entender)
Having a good cry cand do you a good

  • Struggling with/against
  • Fighting _/with/against
  • Opposing to

  • Cure (todo)
  • Heal (parte)
  • Treat

  • hint (ES: indirecta)
  • symbol (ES: simbolo)
  • features (ES: rasgos de apariencia)
  • traits: A distinguishing quality or characteristic, typically one belonging to a person (ES: rasgos de personalidad)
  • sign

Release from
Rid of
Loosen (ES: aflojar)
Expel (ES: expulsar de clase..)

Waste (ES: residuos)
Leftovers( ES: restos de comida)

Keys

1) World
2) Persuade
3) Develop
4) Having
5) Good
6) Validity
7) Contain
8) Fighting
9) Produce
10) Healing
11) Sign
12) Rid
13) Waste
14) Consider
15) Called

Expressions with “Make”

Complete the sentences by using the following words.
Use each word once only..

amends
day
fortune
point

attempt
difference
fun
sense

bed
ends
offer
statement

contact
example
pass
way


1) It makes no to me how old he is.
2) He bought her flowers to make for being late
3) When he made a at her, she slapped his face.
4) Since he made a in property development, he’s been living a life of luxury.
5) Somebody’s made an on the Presiden’t life!
6) She made him an of £3 million for his business.
7) It really made her to see you all again.
8) The judge decided to make an of him and sentenced him to ten years’ imprisonment.
9) The only way you can make with them is by radio.
10) They made of the awkward way he walked.
11) On her salary she had difficulty making meet.
12) The minister made an about the new proposal.
13) Remember to use clean sheets when you make the
14) The boss made a of meeting every employee.
15) They made their to the stadium on foot.
16) Help! I can’t make of this exercise.

Vocabulary

Make amends (ES: compensar)
Make a pass at sb: To make sexual advances on or propositions to one; to hit on one. (ES: insinuar)
To Slap : hit with open hand (ES: abofetear)
Make my day: To cause one to feel very happy. (ES: me alegró el día)
Awkward : Difficult to use, do, or deal with. Causing problems, worry, or embarrassment (ES: torpe, incómodo, embarazoso, difícil)
Make ends meet: to have enough money to buy what you need to live (ES: llegar a final de mes)
Make a point of +ing sth: insist on doing, say [sth] significant (ES: insistir)

Keys

1) difference
2) amends
3) pass
4) fortune
5) attempt
6) offer
7) day
8) example
9) contact
10) fun
11) ends
12) statement
13) bed
14) point
15) way
16) sense

Rewriting

Put the verb in brackets in the correct tense, Present Pefect Simple or Present Pefect Continuos

I’m exhausted. I (1. work) all the morning.
How many exercises (2. you/correct)?
I (3. correct) fity more or les..


I (4. paint) the living room for a week. It’ll be finished soon.


My neighbours are always quarreling and shouting at each other. They (5. have) five rows this week.


I know that someone (6. eat) my sandwich! It’s nearly gone


You are really dirty! Look at your clothes! What (7. you, do)?


I (8. try) to lose weight for ages. I (9. lose) ten pounds so far.


Tricia is getting married to Arthur next September.
Really? How long (10. they/know) each other?

Vocabulary

Row: (informal) argument (ES: pelea)

Keys

1) have been working
2) have you corrected
3) have corrected
4) have been painting
5) have had
6) has been eating
7) have you been doing
8) have been trying
9) have lost
10) have the been knowing

Write the PASSIVE

Write the PASSIVE for the following senteces in active voice:

1) People think that he works in the same building as you.
1)

2) People said that you studied Medicine at university for six years.
2)

3) They suppose that they married in that small church near your village.
3)

4) People know that I am living with my parents at the moment.
4)

5) They say she lost one of her children during the war.
5)

6) They think that our soldiers will come back in two weeks
6)

Keys

1) He is thought to work in the same building as you
2) You were said to study Medicine at university for six years
3) They are supposed to have married in that small church near your village
4) I am known to be living with my parents at the moment
5) She is said to have lost one of her children during the war
6) Our soldiers are thought to come back in two weeks

Job seekers, ill-suited for interviews

Today we are going to do an exercise based on a Times article about “job seekers”. Just the opposite of what the protagonists of this song does.

You must choose which of the paragraphs A-G match the numbered gaps in the extract from a newspaper article (From the Times). There is a one extra paragraph which does not belong to any of the gaps.

Job hunters are abandoning the suit and dressing in outrageous clothes in order to stand out from the other candidates.

1______________________________

Another candidate, determined to show the prospective employer how desperately he needed the job had large holes in his shoes.

2______________________________

“Examples of odd interview attire offered by managers taking part in a survey we conducted varied from the merely inappropriate to the provocative, and even revolting: earrings, pony tails, shorts, bright yellow suits and pink corduroys were listed. And that was just for men.”

3______________________________

In a slightly different approach, another man tried to unsettle the interviewer by refusing to take off his overcoat although it was a sweltering hot day and the interview room was warm.

4______________________________

One woman showed how much she felt at home in the office by finishing off her interview attire with a rather delightful pair of gold slippers. Laddered tights, loud and revolting ties, sunglasses and tattoos were cited as pet hates on the interview circuit.

5______________________________

‘In creative environments such as advertising, people can get away with more unconventional dress than within, say, accountancy,” he explained.

6_____________________________

‘You are likely to score more points in that crucial time by looking smart and professional rather than by trying to stand out from the crowd with a style of dress that may be alien and ridiculous to the interviewer.’


A)

Mr Grout said: ‘To increase your chances of getting a job at the interview stage, you need to play the interview game and ensure that you are appropriately dressed for the profession and the position.

B)

Jeff Grout, Managing Director of Robert Hall, the financial recruitment specialist, said: ‘Many interview candidates are abandoning the conservative suit and sensible shoes for a look that is bound to get them noticed – but for the wrong reasons.

C)

While the men tended to be unconventional or just plain scruffy, the women dressed to kill.

D)

Another female candidate, who was extremely thin, managed to turn up in a suit which she had apparently borrowed from a friend several sizes larger.

E)

‘However, as the decision to hire is made within the first five minutes of the meeting, possibly before the candidate has spoken, dress and personal presentation are the key to the decision-making process.

F)

One young hopeful sped into the interview room on a skateboard.

G)

Other male candidates made their mark at important interviews by turning up in a boiler suit, baseball boots or different colour socks.

Vocabulary

Outrageous:  extravagant (ES:  escandaloso, vergonzoso, atroz)

ill-suited: not suitable; inappropriate (ES: inapropiado, mal vestidos)

Attire: clothes (ES: vestimenta, atuendo)

Revolting: repulsive, disgusting (ES: horrible, asqueroso, repugnante)

Corduroys : type of cotton fabric (ES: de pana)

To stand out: to be much better than other similar things or people or to be very noticeable (ES: destacar)

Turn up == show up (ES: Aparecer)

Speed into (ES: entrar corriendo)

Unsettle: trouble, make uneasy (ES: desconcertar, inquietar, perturbar)

Skateboard (ES: monopatín)

Scruffy: untidy person (ES: desaliñado)

Ensure (ES:asegurar)

Slippers: (ES: zapatillas de andar por casa)

Finish off : complete, perfect (ES: rematar)

Laddered tights (ES: pantys con carreras)

Pet hates:  something that annoys you a lot (ES: cosas odiosas)

Maths is my pet hates

Swelter:   be uncomfortably hot (ES: hacer un calor sofocante,)

Boiler suit: (Es: mono de trabajo)

Be bound +to + infinitive (ES: muy probable que) == Be certain == Be like + to + infinitive (ES: es probable que)

They are like to buy a new car

She is like to get married next summer

Keys

1) F

2) B

3) G

4) C

5) A

6) E